Periodontics Dentistry If gingivitis is not treated, the symptoms will spread and cause gingivitis to become a periodontal disease known as “gumboil”. Periodontal diseases occur with the organs around the teeth, such as the alveolar bone, periodontal ligaments, and root canal surface that hold and support the teeth. Periodontal disease will damage the bones and fibers that hold the teeth; gingival sulcus will become a pocket where plaque and calculus accumulate, resulting in teeth mobility which affects chewing. If left untreated, there may be a need for extraction. Treating periodontal disease starts with plaque and calculus removal by root planing to get rid of microorganism stains and calculus on the teeth and root surface. The root planing may need to be repetitive. About 4 – 6 weeks after the treatment, the dentist will follow up with the patient to ensure the treatment result. If the deep periodontal pocket are still present, due to the excess resorption of bone, there may be a need for periodontal surgery.
The main principle to prevent periodontal disease is the control of plaque. This is a way that directly results in healthy gums and can be done easily at home by proper brushing and flossing, which should be trained since young age. Moreover, regular flossing on a daily basis can help cleaning between teeth where toothbrush cannot reach.
Root planing and Deep Cleaning
Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty